"First, we develop an active end-to-end detection mechanism, referred to as ShaperProbe, that can infer whether a particular path is subject to traffic shaping, and in that case, estimate the shaper characteristics. Second, we analyze results from a large-scale deployment of ShaperProbe on M-Lab over the last few months, detecting traffic shaping in several major ISPs. Our deployment has received more than one million users so far from 5,700 ISPs. Third, we modify the Shaper-Probe detection algorithm so that it can be applied passively on the traffic of any TCP-based application".
So which ISPs are using traffic shaping? 4 case studies are presented in the paper; see also the table below:
- Comcast - "We observed many shaping configurations in our observations between October 2009 and May 2011" (no need to repeat the Sandvine-Comcast history)
- Road Runner - "94% of upstream runs did not detect shaping, while 64% of downstream runs found shaping"
- Cox - "we found Cox to have a significant number of upstream shaping detections of 20%" (see - "Procera: Cox Generated $2.2M in 2010" - here)